Our Solar System🪐🌍🌠

Sometimes it seems like the sun☀️ is moving. It is not the sun that moves; it is the planets that move. We move, for example, and Mars moves also. Within one to two months, it can move quite far from one part of the sky to the other.

Mars is a planet that has seasons like we do. Not all planets do. Mars actually had water (we found that out in the 1950s and 1960s). Could there have been life? Mars also has two small moons🌕🌖. We have one.

As you know, the rover that recently landed on Mars, Perseverance, made a huge breakthrough by landing on such a rough terrain. It was a first time event that will mark history. It happened last year in August.

It gets so cold on Mars it can be like -100 Fahrenheit. The air is very thin. Your weight on Mars would be one third of what it is here. Mars is called the red planet. There is no “blue” or water anymore.

Mars is actually small. It’s only one fourth of the diameter on earth. It has low gravity. However, billions of years ago Mars was covered in water. So what happened? On earth, wherever water appears, life appears🌊🐃.

Was there life on Mars that disappeared and dried up? The dinosaurs on earth became extinct 65,000,000 plus years ago. The rover, again, Perseverance is searching to see if there was ever life on Mars.

The mission is using a special device to explore the soil. Perseverance will leave tubes of soil on Mars for eight years and then bring them back to earth to detect if there was ever life there.

The sky in Mars is kind of pinkish. Mars is just one sibling planet, though. There are many other planets, so we can begin by looking at planets nearest to the sun🌞. Mercury and Venus are close by.

One difference between Venus and Mercury is that Mercury can get really hot and cold at the same time. There can be a 1000 degree difference between night and day. Mercury is not even the hottest planet. Venus is the hottest.

It’s not as close to the sun as Mercury, but it’s hotter at times. Venus is always 860 F. It doesn’t change. The air is thick; it’s like being half a mile down in the ocean. The pressure is intense. NASA observes Venus from orbit through a radar map.

Most of Venus consists of rolling planes, and it’s kind of like Iowa. There are no oceans. But there are volcanoes. Venus is sometimes called the sister of the earth, but it is incredibly different.

Which planet would you want to go to first, if the time ever comes to send humans to other planets? Let’s take a look at some more planets near the earth. Saturn is famous for its rings around it. Jupiter🪐 is famous for the clouds.

Juno is a mission that’s orbiting Jupiter by NASA. There is at least one mission to every single planet in the solar system. They are all robots; we haven’t sent a human yet. The storms on Jupiter go on for decades and hundreds of years. We suspect there was a storm even going on for millions!

That is a little background on our solar system in our galaxy, the Milky Way🌌. Marvel at all the Lord has done. There are about 125 billion galaxies in the observable universe that we know of so far. But I’m sure there’s more! I believe it’s infinite and that there are multiverses.

The Milky Way is just one galaxy. Scientists estimate that there may be tens of billions of solar systems in our galaxy, alone, perhaps as many as 100 billion. Think about that. Ponder on God’s grandeur! Never doubt his power and magnificence. He holds the galaxies and stars in place; he will hold you together also!

Here is the course offered by Liberty Science center in New Jersey as part of the Varsity Tutors StarCourse series:

About Zina

Zina Hermez authored the best selling book, Not Without God: A Story of Survival. She’s been featured in numerous articles, guest posts, podcasts, websites, newsletters, and magazines. Recently she was featured on ESPN’s ‘Solutions from the Huddle’ broadcast. Zina’s written hundreds of articles and has taught students from all over the world spanning many different backgrounds and cultures. She’s appeared in Christianity Today, the Suite T blog and Southern Writers magazine among other places. She writes on faith, science, and overcoming adversity. Her goal is to help others. You can connect with her on Instagram, Facebook, Linked In, or Twitter.

The Gregorian Calendar

I hope your weekend is good!🙏☀️ Did you know the Gregorian calendar that we use today was initially the Julian calendar? The Pope changed it back in 1582 because the Julian calendar was wrong. I’m watching a podcast of Joe Rogan’s with Dr. Neil deGrasse Tyson, and it’s very interesting.

In 1582, when Pope Gregory XIII introduced his Gregorian calendar (developed by Jesuit Catholic Priests), Europe adhered to the Julian calendar, first implemented by Julius Caesar in 46 B.C. Since the Roman emperor’s system miscalculated the solar year’s length by 11 minutes, the calendar had since fallen out of sync with the seasons. The Jesuits had to take ten days out of the calendar and compensate for it through Leap Days.

B.C. means ‘Before Christ,’ but it has since been renamed to indicate, ‘Before Common Era,’ and this attempts to take the religion out of it. C.E., which means ‘Christ Entered,’ has now been changed to ‘Common Era.’ The term in Latin is ‘Anno Domini’ (A.D.), or ‘in the year of our Lord.’ There isn’t a year ‘0’ because 0 doesn’t exist as a Roman numeral. I still use B.C. and A. D. in my writings.

solar year — the time it takes Earth to orbit the sun — lasts around 365 days. The main difference between the Julian and Gregorian calendar is that an average year in the Julian calendar is 365.25 days while an average year in The Gregorian calendar is 365.2425 days. Again, the Jesuit priests had to take ten days out of the calendar back in Oct. of 1584.

The Gregorian calendar is the calendar used all over the world today! We have seasons because Earth’s axis – the imaginary line that goes through the Earth and around which the Earth spins — is tilted. … The “fixed” tilt means that, during our orbit around our Sun each yeardifferent parts of Earth receive sunlight for different lengths of time. However, the year that corresponds to our seasons is slightly different from the year that corresponds to our sun.

Here is a link to the video I’m watching. The part about the calendar system starts at about 54:35 seconds if you’d like to start there:

About Zina

Zina Hermez authored the best-selling book, “Not Without God: A Story of Survival.” Her stories have been featured in various guest articles, medical journals, magazines, newsletters, and over 250 of her own blog articles. As an educator for more than twenty years, she’s had the privilege of working with thousands of students from different backgrounds and parts of the world. Her upcoming book, “Not Without God: Hope In the Storm” will be out later this year. Her writing endeavors earned her an invitation to speak at the Harvard Faculty Club’s “Business Expert Forum.” Zina’s goal is to help others overcome adversity, and she strives to do what she longs to–help other people. She’s appeared in Christianity Today, the Southern Writers magazine, and Suite T blog among other places. Socializing with friends, taking business trips, listening to music, and meeting new people are among her hobbies. She was recently featured on Color Speak (a Grace and Truth Radio World! podcast). You can connect with her on Facebook, Instagram, LinkedIn, or Twitter.